Research splits into two main areas: The same sources can often be useful for both strands. Try to find out: Find contact details for local archives using Find an archive. Local archives can hold various relevant resources including books, maps, title deeds, electoral registers and family and estate papers. What records can I see online? Valuation Office map finder Use this tool to identify and order Valuation Office Survey maps of England and Wales from to Census records Search by address on the census to find out who was living there.
What records can I find at The National Archives at Kew? Working copies of the Valuation Office survey are often kept in local archives. Between and the Valuation Office carried out a survey to determine dating houses uk value dating houses uk land for tax purposes. The property field books from she started dating my friend survey contain the names of property owners and occupiers, details of tenancy and the value and area covered by the property.
They also regularly show the number of rooms and how the rooms were used. Interiors are sometimes refitted and finishes renewed, but the structure beneath them is only changed if dating houses uk becomes damaged, or if it is redeveloped behind a retained facade. Rarely, lost structure is replaced by second- hand earlier structure. Building books see below illustrate contemporary construction, though beware obsolete examples. These books, and others, can be found in the ice or IStructE libraries, and sometimes in antiquarian bookshops.
The bar-charts on the opposite page summarise the periods of popular use solid lines and the tentative use broken lines create the best dating profile commonplace structural components and systems. Be prepared for more extreme examples of a particular structural component or system coming to light from time to time. Dating buildings is not an exact science, as building gestation usually takes years, apart from notable exceptions, such as the 92,m2 Crystal Palace which was designed and constructed in nine months for the Great Exhibition of However, the era of a building can usually be established with confidence if several structural elements are compared.
There are many opportunities to see the structure of an occupied building without opening it up, particularly in areas that have no finishes, such as roof voids, undercrofts, cellars, pavement vaults, suspended ceilings, plant rooms, fitted cupboards, store-rooms, lift-shafts, and service holes. Empty or derelict buildings and buildings undergoing alterations can offer more structural disclosure.
The principal structural materials are masonry, timber, concrete, iron and steel. This article deals with masonry and timber, subsequent articles will focus on the other main materials. Masonry materials Of all the masonry materials, stone masonry tells us the least about its construction age. The bond of the stones can broadly distinguish between medieval rubble-coreddating houses uk medieval brick-backedand twentieth century steel-framedalthough any age of construction could be solidly bonded.
Unlike stone, brickwork gives many clues to its age. After use by the Romans, clay bricks were re-introduced into the uk in the s, initially in the south and east, near to locations where suitable clay could be dug out and burnt in wooden clamps. With the decline of medieval timber- buildings and dating houses uk advent of canals, railways, and better roads, bricks were transported and used throughout the country.
By the eighteenth century, brick was the most common material for houses, and many old timber-framed houses were gentrified by re-facing with bricks or mathematical tiles, particularly the latter after the first brick tax of Since the s the width of a brick has always been about 4. But the length and thickness of a brick has not always been as constant as today, being influenced by government legislation, regional variations in firing dating houses uk of clay, bonding, joint thickness, and local practice.
Medieval bricks were longer and thinner than modern bricks - as at Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex. But beware modern imitations, particularly amongst Edwardian buildings.
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Researching Historic Buildings in the British Isles
The date inside the tank is more reliable than the date on the lid because sometimes lids get broken and replaced. These clues can vary dramatically by region. The easiest place to pick up a date is off a toilet no jokes. It will tell you the age of the window but not black dating romance the age of the house. Again, knob and tube electrical wiring makes insurance companies very dating houses uk. It was never banned, the gas inspection on either of these appliances is a good indication of the age of the house, most houses built before were plaster and most houses after were drywall, most houses built with concrete block foundations are pre Most brick dating houses uk built after were brick veneer construction one dating houses uk of brick with a wood stud wall behind, the date will often be stamped on the underside of the lid and also inside the tank near the water line. It was never banned, you will find that most houses before used plank subflooring, knob and tube electrical wiring makes insurance companies very nervous, in Toronto, this information must be used carefully. It was banned in December of !!PARAGRAPH. Dating houses can be helpful for a number of reasons; for example, you will find no brick foundation walls at all. Old houses have plaster on the walls and ceilings whereas new houses are built with drywall.